The use of delayed resolutions, often referred to as appoggiatura, is an extremely useful device in improvising, composition and arranging. In this class we’ll be looking specifically at using delayed resolutions in single note lines, giving the lines greater melodic tension. These alternative note choices will be occurring mostly on strong beats, especially on the downbeat of each measure of music. The use of enclosures or approach note patterns are helpful in delaying the resolution of the target tones. The written examples use common chord patterns such as the major and minor II- V- I to illustrate the use of appoggiatura. The examples are shown in both long and short meter II-V-I progressions.

Another important aspect of this class is the use of jazz phrasing, starting and ending phrases on different parts of the measure. The use of accents combined with syncopation can really make the lines swing. Pairing these rhythmic devices with the use of more interesting note choices occurring on strong beats will invigorate one’s single note playing. Getting a firm grip on this seldom-discussed technique will help elevate your single note improvising, providing the player with many new ideas to take from the practice room to the bandstand. 

  • Running time: 47 minutes
  • 7 pages of PDF exercises in TAB and standard notation

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Class Content

Full Class + Download
Delayed Resolutions Full Class + Download 00:46:57

Course Reviews


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  1. A masterpiece of utility- buy it in the morning and play it on the stand tonight.


    This is the masterclass that has shown me how to apply some enclosing of tones along with delayed resolutions. So far i am already realizing that Steve’s presentation of ideas offers a straightforward method that give single-note lines a sense of going somewhere, via small tension/resolution patterns that lines that only float aimlessly through scales just can’t and don’t possess.

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